The species are mapped 'low' to 'high' using jenks natural breaks, to reflect the differing number of species included represented by each of the taxonomic groups although species distributions vary, three areas came out as species rich across all of the taxonomic groups the congo basin, the east africa great lakes. Introduction geological and biological studies carried out over the past 40 years have dispelled the illusion of the 'eternal rainforest' in equatorial africa 2009 fire and climate change impacts on lowland forest composition in northern congo during the last 2580 years from palaeoecological analyses. This study tests and reports the use of limited rainfall gauge data within the democratic republic of congo (drc) to recalibrate a trmm science product ( trmm 3b42, version 6) in characterizing precipitation and climate in the congo basin rainfall estimates from trmm 3b42, version 6, are compared and adjusted using. Gorillas, forest elephants and bonobos threatened by plans to make the world's second largest rainforest the next frontier in the palm oil trade. 1 introduction despite the global importance of the congo basin, which is the second largest river basin in the world, only a small number of studies to date have focused on the potential impact of climate change on the hydro-climatic variability over the congo basin using in situ data and/or hydrological. The basin ends where the river empties its load in the gulf of guinea on the atlantic ocean the climate is equatorial tropical, with two rainy seasons including very high rainfalls, and high temperature year round the basin is home to the endangered western lowland gorilla the basin was the watershed of the congo river. By historic rainfall, on the connection between climate change and the rainfall- runoff generated by the migrating “tropical rainbelt,” on deforestation and hydroelectric power generation, and on the amount of carbon emitted from congo waters 1 introduction earth science research in the congo basin. Figure 1: interdisciplinary work-flow by work-packages (wp) of the project “ climate change scenarios for the congo basin” introduction the intergovernmental panel on climate change (ipcc) projects in its fourth assessment report (ar4) that mean global temperatures are likely to rise between 11 and 64°c (with a.
The drc lies on the equator, with one-third of the country to the north and two- thirds to the south the climate is hot and humid in the river basin and cool and dry in the southern highlands south of the equator, the rainy season lasts from october to may and north of the equator, from april to november. 3300 species of plants are unique to the congo, which is also home to forest elephants, rare antelopes and gorillas this - the second largest rainforest on earth - provides livelihoods for tens of millions of people, and plays an increasing role in the global efforts to stop climate change. What exactly is the amazon river basin learn about the geography, flora and fauna, and climate of one of the most biologically diverse and.
Introduction climate change is considered to be one of the major threats to sustainable development because of its impacts on health, infrastructure, settlements, agriculture and food security, and forest ecosystems an increasing frequency of extreme events such as increased temper- atures, drought conditions and. Introduction the congo river basin is the second largest river basin in the world, after the amazon, draining an area approximately the size of including the rivers, and increasing loss of biodiversity geographic extent the congo river has the largest of africa's river basins, covering about 4 million km. With the second largest rainforest in the world and some of the richest levels of biodiversity, the congo basin similarly has a lot to lose from the introduction of vast monocultures of palm cameroon is expected to lose as much as 75 per cent of its biodiversity if the controversial herakles plantation becomes. The congo basin is home to the world's second-largest mosaic of tropical rainforests these forests are essential to local populations for their livelihoods, and they matter to the international community for harboring biodiversity and potentially contributing to climate change mitigation over the past twenty.
Beyond the niari valley is a series of plateaus about 1,600 feet (490 metres) above sea level, separated by the deeply eroded valleys of tributaries of the congo river the bembe plateau lies between the niari valley and the chaillu massif, while the batéké plateau stretches northward along the congo. The congo basin is the second largest tropical rainforest in the world, with almost 2 million square kilometers of humid forest- an area about the size of mexico including secondary and savanna forest, the area equals about 3 million square kilometers, almost half the size of the continental us the basin is defined by the. The democratic republic of the congo straddles the equator in central africa and is an enormous country of 2345410 km2 which is divided into 26 the climate is tropical, hot and humid in the equatorial river basin, cooler and drier in the southern highlands and cooler and wetter in the eastern highlands.
Congo basin overview. In the transition seasons, the congo basin dominates the global tropical rainfall distribution rainfall amounts and dry season climate characteristics over the congo basin are also sufficient to support one of the world's largest tropical humid forests  the congo basin's role in the planetary. Introduction throughout the forests and savannas of the great congo basin, families and houses have organized for hunting, gathering, farming, and trading for at least two millennia life in the region has always been dynamic as ethnic groups have contracted and expanded elites have created and.
Introduction the atmospheric dynamic is well studied today in inter-tropical zone however, it remains rudimentary in the congo basin from its geographic position between the 10°n and 10°s latitudes and the 8 and 30°e longitudes, this basin show a pressure or an atmospheric traffic complexity the congo basin is. Contrasting biogeochemical characteristics of the oubangui river and tributaries (congo river basin) to correspond to about 10% of ca2+ for a variety of streams and rivers, which is likely an upper estimate for our study area given the more humid climate and the absence of evaporative environments.
The congo river basin ian j harrison, randall brummett, and melanie l j stiassny contents introduction habitat, severe degradation to many other areas, including the rivers, and increasing loss of biodiversity geographic extent the congo river has the largest of africa's river basins, covering about 4 million. The democratic republic of the congo is by the congo river basin, which covers an area of almost 1,000,000 square kilometres (390,000 sq mi) the country's only outlet to the atlantic ocean is a narrow strip of land on the north bank of the congo river the vast, low-lying central area is a plateau-shaped basin sloping.
Deformations detected in the congo basin after the 1970^1984 hydrocarbon exploration campaign in introduction cuvette centrale (central basin), cuvette congolaise zaire interior basin and congo basin are all terms used in the literature to denominate this geographic approach was con¢rmed by e dupont. Cobam climate change and forests in the congo basin coc chain of custody cofcca congo basin forests and climate change adaptation coi introduction 2013 state of the forest: an important participatory undertaking in central africa the 2013 state of the forest report is the fruit of a long. Topic: conservation,deforestation,degradation,forest management geographic: congo basin,cameroon,gabon,equatorial guinea,central african republic, democratic republic of congo series: cifor occasional paper no 144 publisher: center for international forestry research (cifor), bogor, indonesia publication.